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Texas Route 66

Route 66 cityAcross the border into Texas is the town of Shamrock. Shamrock is a city in Wheeler County, Texas located in the eastern portion of the Texas Panhandle centered along the crossroads of Interstate 40 - formerly U.S. Route 66 and U.S. Route 83. It is 110 miles or 180 kilometers east of Amarillo, 188 miles or 303 kilometers west of Oklahoma City, Oklahoma and 291 miles or 468 kilometers northwest of Dallas, Texas. In 1926, the discovery of oil and the operation of natural gas wells by Shamrock Gas Company helped spur the city's continuing growth. But a decline in the oil industry caused the population to drop in the 1940s, but it rebounded in the next decade with the improvement of Route 66. By the 1980s, the town was home to an established modern school system, a chemical plant, oil and gas processing plants, and a hospital. In 1936, the U-Drop Inn was built at the corner of the U.S. Route 83 and the now historic Route 66. At the time of opening, the U-Drop was the only café within 100 miles or 160 kilometers of Shamrock, enjoying good business and becoming a successful establishment.

Once considered a beautiful and impressive example of Route 66 architecture in Texas, the U-Drop Inn fell into disrepair with the decommissioning of Route 66. Referred to as "one of the most impressive examples" of Route 66 architecture by the Texas Historical Commission, the U-Drop Inn was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1997. In May 1999, the First National Bank of Shamrock purchased the then closed U-Drop Inn and gave it to the city of Shamrock. With a $1.7 million federal grant, the city was able to hire a firm specializing in historical renovation to restore the building to its original glory and adapt it into a museum, visitors' center, gift shop, and the city's chamber of commerce. The revived U-Drop Inn was featured in the 2006 animated film Cars as the inspiration for the fictional Ramone's body shop. The film industry paid another visit to shoot a scene at the end of the film Cast Away where Chuck Nolan, played by Tom Hanks, is seen Standing on US Route 83 near Interstate 40, the real-life location of Shamrock.

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Route 66 cityIf you have timed your travels correctly, it will be time to stop in McLean, Texas at the Red River Steakhouse for lunch or dinner. But should you miss the Red River Steakhouse in Mclean - no need to fret as there is another now open in Amarillo, Texas just up the road. McLean is a town in Gray County, Texas where Alfred Rowe, an English rancher who later died in the sinking of the Titanic, donated land near a railroad cattle loading stop for the establishment of a town site in 1901. The Choctaw, Oklahoma and Texas Railroad Company constructed a water well and a switch and section house on the site and the town was named for Judge William P. McLean (1836–1925) of the Texas Legislature and Railroad Commission. The town grew rapidly and by 1904 McLean had three general stores, a bank, two wagonyards and livery stables, a lumberyard, and a newspaper - the McLean News. A windmill pumped water from a well drilled in the middle of Main Street and citizens hauled the water in barrels and buckets. The town was incorporated in 1909 with C. S. Rice as mayor and became a center for agriculture. In 1927, Route 66 was built through the town, and it became a stop for tourists as well as a center for oil, livestock, and agricultural shipping.

By 1940 the population had risen to 1,500 with 6 churches, 59 businesses, and a newspaper. In 1942, a prisoner of war camp was built east-northeast of the town and was operated until 1945, housing about 3000 German prisoners. As the prominence of other Texas Panhandle cities, especially Amarillo and Pampa, surpassed McLean, the town began to decrease slowly in size and in 1984 the town was bypassed as part of the final phase of construction of Interstate 40, which replaced the old U.S. Route 66 through that area. The McLean Commercial District, consisting of most of the downtown area, was listed in the historical register on December 20, 2006 and the town is home to the Devil's Rope Museum which displays everything you want to know about barbed wire and fencing tools.

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Route 66 cityFrom McLean travel on to Alanreed, Texas. Alanreed is an unincorporated community in Gray County, Texas named for Messrs. Alan and Reed, partners in the contracting firm that laid out the present townsite for the Choctaw, Oklahoma and Texas Railroad in 1900. An earlier name for the place was Gouge Eye, commemorating a nasty saloon brawl. Currently it has an excellent example of a typical Route 66 style gas station, a combination motel/truckstop/post office run by a good old girl named Dixie and leftover old buildings from earlier days. In 1886 a post office called Eldridge was established six miles north of the present site of Alanreed. At various times throughout the years the town was also called Springtown or Spring Tank, for a large spring-fed tank - Prairie Dog Town, for one located closeby, and of course, Gouge Eye, for the notorious saloon fight. The present townsite was laid out in 1900 by a surveyor for the Choctaw, Oklahoma and Texas Railroad. The present name of Alanreed was supposedly derived from the name of the contracting firm, Alan and Reed.

In 1901 the first school was built. In 1902 the post office was moved from Eldridge and renamed Alanreed. After the Rock Island line was completed in 1903 the town became a shipping point for cattle. G. E. Castleberry's land company sold parcels at $2.25 an acre and by 1904 Alanreed was the largest town in Gray County. In 1907 it had a bank, a hotel, a depot, a Baptist and a Methodist church, a saloon, two grocery stores, a hardware store, a livery stable, and a blacksmith shop. Watermelons became a major crop with the town shipping an average of 500 cars annually. In 1912 a two-story school was built. By 1917 the town had telephone service and an estimated population of 250.

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Route 66 cityWestward from Alanreed past the leaning water tank in Groom, Texas towards the city of Amarillo. Groom is a town in Carson County, Texas on Interstate Highway 40, formerly historic Route 66, 42 miles east of Amarillo and 220 miles or 350 kilometers west of Oklahoma City. The leaning water tower, which currently serves as a decorative item, was a functioning water tower which was slated for demolition until Ralph Britten bought it and moved it to serve as a sign for his truck stop and tourist information center located on a stretch of interstate that was once a part of U.S. Route 66. This truck stop can still be seen, set back off the road behind the tower, now boarded up and in disrepair following a devastating fire decades ago. The leaning water tower still remains a popular target for cameras and the town of Groom turns on a large colored star mounted on the top at Christmas time. The water tower is a common image from most Route 66 photography books.

There is a 19 story tall cross located next to Interstate 40, formerly U.S. Route 66, at Groom. This 190-foot or 58 meter tall free-standing cross can be seen from 20 miles or 32 kilometers away. Surrounding the base of the cross are life-sized statues of the Stations of the Cross. Inspired by this cross, residents of Effingham, Illinois erected a similar cross that is eight feet taller. Many claim this cross to be the largest in the Western Hemisphere. However, it is smaller than the cross erected in the Valle de los Caidos in Spain. The cross is also 18 feet or 5.5 meters shorter than the 208 foot or 63 meter cross at the Mission Nombre De Dios in St. Augustine, Florida, and shorter than the 65 meter or 213 foot tall Lakeuden Risti cross-shaped church tower in Seinäjoki, Finland. The movie Leap of Faith was filmed on location near the site of the cross in Groom but the movie was filmed before the cross was built. The cross is not the tallest, but might be in the running for being the most tasteless. Its height achieved by using concrete and sheet metal, instead of the kind of materials generally used for monuments or tributes like stone or a cast metal like bronze.

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Route 66 cityNext along Route 66 heading westward aside from a truck stop on the highway on one side of the road and a copycat Cadillac Ranch made from old Volkswagens on the other is Amarillo, Texas. Ask any British resident about Amarillo and they'll start singing the song written by Neil Sedaka and Howard Greenfield sung by Tony Christie - Is This The Way To Amarillo?

To watch the youtube video of Tony Christie singing the song, read the lyrics or send "Is This The Way To Amarillo" to your cellphone Click Here

Amarillo is the fourteenth most populous city in the state of Texas, the largest in the Texas Panhandle and the seat of Potter County. The city was once the self-proclaimed Helium Capital of the World for having one of the country's most productive helium fields. Amarillo is also known as The Yellow Rose of Texas, as the city takes its name from the Spanish word for yellow and was most recently dubbed Rotor City, USA for its V-22 Osprey hybrid aircraft assembly plant. Amarillo operates one of the largest meat packing areas in the United States. Pantex, the only nuclear weapons assembly and disassembly facility in the country, is also a major employer. The attractions Cadillac Ranch and the Big Texan Steak Ranch are located adjacent to Interstate 40. Cadillac Ranch is an art installation and sculpture outside of Amarillo, Texas that was created in 1974 by Chip Lord, Hudson Marquez and Doug Michels, who were a part of the art group Ant Farm, and it consists of what were, in 1974, either older running used or junk Cadillac automobiles. Different years and models represent a number of evolutions of the car - most notably the birth and death of the defining feature of mid twentieth century Cadillacs - the tailfins. The Cadillac tailfin was almost a trademark of the car from 1949 to 1963. These Cadillacs are buried halfway into the ground nose-first at an angle corresponding with that of the Great Pyramid of Giza in Egypt.

Route 66 cityThe Big Texan Steak Ranch is a restaurant and motel located in Amarillo, Texas which opened on the original Route 66 in the 4500 block of East Amarillo Boulevard in 1960 and moved to its present location on Interstate 40 in 1970. Fire gutted the west wing of the restaurant in 1976 and destroyed $100,000 in antiques. The restaurant reopened as a larger facility in 1977. The building is painted a bright yellow, with blue trim making it garishly noticable. A large cow statue advertises their free 72 oz. steak challenge. The Big Texan is best known for this 72 ounce (4.5 pounds or 2.04 kilogram) steak, nicknamed The Texas King. The steak is free to anyone who, in one hour or less, can eat the entire meal, consisting of the entire steak plus bread roll with butter, baked potato, ranch beans, shrimp cocktail, and salad. For those who take the challenge and fail to eat it all, the meal costs them $72.00.

But those who have successfully consumed the Texas King challenge have their names recorded and posted at the restaurant. As of March 15, 2011, over 8,800 people out of about 50,000 have eaten it all and won the challenge. Located adjacent to the restaurant on The Big Texan Steak Ranch property is the 54-unit Big Texan Motel designed to resemble a main street in an old west town and features a Texas-shaped pool. In 2004, a 20-stall stable was added behind the main motel building.The Big Texan Brewery started serving hand crafted beers on June 24th, 2011. They offer Honey Blonde Ale, Palo Duro Ale, Texas Red Amber Ale, Pecan Porter, Rattlesnake IPA, 1836 Chocolate Bock Lager, FNW Limelite, Raspberry Wheat, and Whisky Barrel Stout. www.bigtexan.com

Route 66 cityJust these two attractions are enough to make you think that Amarillo, Texas is a rather crazy and eccentric city sitting out on the windswept plains of the Texas Panhandle, but nothing could be further from the truth. It is just your average Texas city populated with nice friendly, hardworking and church-going kind of people. Amarillo has a number of natural attractions near the city. The Palo Duro Canyon State Park is the United States' second largest canyon system, after the Grand Canyon and is located south of Amarillo. Palo Duro has a distinct hoodoo that resembles a lighthouse. Another natural landmark near the city, the Alibates Flint Quarries National Monument is located 30 miles or 50 kilometers north of Amarillo. It is known as the site where prehistoric inhabitants went to obtain flint in order to make tools and weapons. About 100 miles or 160 kilometers southeast of Amarillo in Briscoe County is Caprock Canyons State Park and Trailway. This state park is the home of the official Texas State Bison Herd, who were captured and taken care of by one of the original cattle ranchers in the area, Charles Goodnight. Local millionaire Stanley Marsh III has funded many public art projects in the city including the Cadillac Ranch.

Marsh participates as well in an ongoing art project called the Dynamite Museum, which consist of thousands of mock traffic signs planted around the city. These signs, bearing messages such as "Road does not end" or displaying random pictures and phrases are scattered throughout the city of Amarillo. (another slightly irreverent art project in a city populated by fairly normal people) Besides these works, one can find close to the city the final earthwork of Robert Smithson, an American artist famous for his land art and another commission by Marsh, called Amarillo Ramp. The Burlington Northern Santa Fe Railroad was headquartered in Amarillo in an impressive building in dowtown Amarillo. The building features a large amount of brass door and window trim and other decor made of polished brass. The railroad is no longer headquartered in the city, but the city bought the building (for only $250,000) and has done an exceptional job of restoring it.

Route 66 cityThe city has events and attractions honoring the cowboy and Texas culture. During the third week of September, the Tri-State Fair & Rodeo has brought participants mostly from Oklahoma, New Mexico and Texas to Amarillo since 1921. On the Tri-State Exposition grounds, the Amarillo National Center is a special events center for events ranging from national equestrian competitions to motor sports and rodeos. The World Championship Ranch Rodeo sponsored by the Working Ranch Cowboys Association is held every November in the Amarillo Civic Center. Amarillo hosts the annual World Championship Chuckwagon Roundup the first weekend in June. Teams in competition prepare a feast of breaded beef cutlets, mashed potatoes, baked beans, and sourdough biscuits and attempt to duplicate the food served on western cattle trails of the 1860s and 1870s. The Amarillo Livestock Auction on Bull Rd. holds a free-to-the-public cattle auction on Tuesdays. Among noteable residents of Amarillo are Tom Blasingame, considered to have been the oldest cowboy in the history of the American West, who worked for seventy-three years, primarily, on the JA Ranch south of Amarillo and Pulitzer-prize-winning author Mark E. Neely, Jr. who was born in Amarillo on November 10, 1944.

Interstate 40 is the major east–west thoroughfare through Amarillo and was completed entirely through the city in November 1968. Previously, U.S. Highway Route 66 was the major east–west highway through the city, generally following Amarillo Boulevard to the north of the downtown area and then curving southwest to leave the city near the Veterans Hospital. A city route, which was an original alignment of US 66 through central and west Amarillo, followed Fillmore south into the downtown area and turned on West 6th through the San Jacinto Heights district which is now home to many antique shops, restaurants and other businesses, then passing the Amarillo Country Club and veering onto West 9th Street and Bushland Boulevard before tying into the through route at a traffic circle near the Veterans Hospital. Loop 335 circles around Amarillo in all four directions and consists of four-lane roadway on its northeast and southwest quadrants and two-lane paving to the southeast and northwest. The city of Amarillo was also mentioned prominently in the song Route 66.

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Route 66 cityFrom Amarillo, Texas on the way west the next town on the historic Route 66 is Vega, Texas. Mostly a widespot on the highway, Vega does contain a restored Route 66 era Magnolia gas station. From there towards the New Mexico border is the town of Glenrio, Texas. Glenrio is an unincorporated community in both Deaf Smith County, Texas, and Quay County, New Mexico. Located on historic Route 66, the ghost town sits on the Texas/New Mexico state line. It includes the Glenrio Historic District which was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2007. The Ozark Trail was incorporated into U.S. Route 66 on November 11th, 1926. By the 1930s, Route 66 in Texas was a paved two-lane road served locally by several filling stations, a restaurant and a motel. The road was widened in the 1950s and a Texaco station (1950) and a diner (Brownlee Diner/Little Juarez Café, 1952) were constructed in the Texas part using the art moderne architectural style. At one point, all fuel was dispensed in Texas due to New Mexico's higher gasoline taxes. The 1930s State Line Bar and Motel were built on the New Mexico side because Deaf Smith County, Texas was a dry county (no alcohol allowed). The railroad station was in Texas. The local post office, built circa-1935, was in New Mexico.

A water tank and windmill in New Mexico were constructed circa-1945. The Joseph Brownlee House, constructed in Amarillo in 1930, was moved to Glenrio in 1950. Glenrio was the site of the "First Motel in Texas/Last Motel in Texas" - Homer Ehresman's family-run 1953 State Line Café and Gas Station and 1955 Texas Longhorn Motel, closed in 1976, and other businesses which straddled the state line on Route 66 for many years until Interstate 40 bypassed the community in September 1973. Three filling stations - the 1925 Broyles Mobil station, a circa-1935 Texaco and the 1946 Ferguson Gas Station - once operated in part of town in New Mexico. For Route 66 travelers the State of New Mexico opened the Glenrio Welcome Center on Interstate 40 at the Texas state line on June 25th, 2008. The center includes such things as a pet walk, a livestock corral, wireless Internet access, a movie theater, and information kiosks. Built to accommodate one million visitors per year, it includes green features such as recycling of greywater for grounds irrigation, and a wind turbine that will generate 20 percent of the energy used by the center.

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Route 66 map


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Choose a city destination to view available accomodation while motoring down Highway Route 66 for any of the towns listed above.


Rt.66 State Illinois
Chicago
Joliet
Gardner
Bloomington
Springfield

Rt.66 State Missouri
St. Louis
Sullivan
St.Robert/Waynesville
Lebanon
Springfield
Joplin
Galena


Rt.66 State Oklahoma
Vinita
Tulsa
Davenport
Oklahoma City
Shamrock/Texola

Rt.66 State Texas
Shamrock
Pampa/McLean
Dixie Jo's Alanreed Travel Center
Pampa/Groom
Amarillo
Vega
Vega/Glenrio


Rt.66 State Arizona
Holbrook
Winslow
Flagstaff
Seligman
Kingman
Bullhead City
Laughlin

Rt.66 State California
Needles
Barstow
San Bernardino
Rancho Cucamonga
Pasadena
Santa Monica


Rt.66 State New Mexico
Tucumcari
Santa Rosa
Santa Fe/Glorieta
Santa Fe/Canoncita
Santa Fe
Albuquerque
Grants
Gallup

Rt.66 State Kansas
Baxter Springs/Riverton
Baxter Springs

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